The judiciary in India has interpreted the Polluter Pays Principle as, for example, can be seen from the judgment conveyed by the Supreme Court of India in writ request of no 657 of 1995. In its order dated February4, 2005, The Supreme Court held that " The Polluter Pays Principle implies that total obligation of harm to nature stretches out to repay the victims of pollution, as well as to the expense of reestablishing ecological corruption. Remediation of damaged environment is a piece of the procedure of sustainable advancement.”
In the case of Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum v. Union of India, the use of the polluter pays principle has been justified via the constitutional mandate, statutory provisions and international law.
 Indian Council for Enviro-Legal Action v. UOI & ors., AIR 1996 SC 1446
 (1996) 5 SCC 647
 Under Article 21 and Article 47. The most relevant provision invoked was Article 48-A, which states that the State will endeavor to protect and improve the environment, and Article 48-A(g) which ensures the protection of the natural environment.
 The Water Act, 1974, the Air Act, 1981 and the Environment Protection Act, 1986.